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LITFL review

Welcome to the 328th LITFL Review! Your regular and reliable source for the highest highlights, sneakiest sneak peeks and loudest shout-outs from the webbed world of emergency medicine and critical care. Each week the LITFL team casts the spotlight on the blogosphere’s best and brightest and deliver a bite-sized chunk of FOAM.

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The Most Fair Dinkum Ripper Beauts of the Week

Nick CumminsSimon Carley reviews the top 10 trauma papers from 2017 – 2018. He has limited this to studies that would affect our bedside care of trauma patients, though there was a real paucity of these. [SR]

Andy Neill and the RCEM team presents us with a gut wrenching review of aortic dissection–the Zebra of the chest pain family. He speaks with a family member of a missed dissection who unfortunately died and with a dissection survivor. Andy then interviews experts on the presentation and management of this uncommon but deadly condition. [LP, MG] 

The Best of #FOAMed Emergency Medicine

  • Don’t get sick to your stomach over the initial management of patients with undifferentiated GI bleeds! The strength and extent of the evidence behind using octreotide and somatostatin in these patients is reviewed by our own Salim Rezaie on R.E.B.E.L. EM’s latest podcast. [TCN]
  • Nice short journal club review 140  on idarucizumab for dabigitran reversal, and time to furosemide in CHF, among other current studies in the EM literature. The reviews, how to critically appraise research–all in 11 minutes. [SR]
  • Katie Selman at EMDaily has an excellent infographic explaining the controversy surrounding bicarbonate administration in severe acidosis. [RP]
  • Nice review by the folks over at Taming the SRU on the usefulness or uselessness of KUB xrays. There are some indications for KUB, but truly not that many. [SR]
  • Rob Orman discusses the new IDSA guidelines for C. Diff treatment.  Metronidazole is no longer recommended as a 1st line antibiotic. [SR, AS] (See too our recommended article 2 weeks ago on Metronidazole is out for C Diff, [ML])
  • Prehospital Emergency Care podcast addresses the concerns of patient fatigue in EMS–how fatigue may be measured, and how fatigue impacts patient care delivery. [AJB]
  • The team at the Bottom Line take a look at a trial comparing levetiracetam and phenytoin for status epilepticus. Great review of a challenging study. [SO]

The Best of #FOAMcc Critical Care and #FOAMres Resuscitation

  • In this First10 EM post, Justin Morgenstern reviews the physiology of the right ventricle and its dysfunction brought about by pulmonary hypertension. Considerations during resuscitation of patients with pulmonary hypertension and right ventricular failure are detailed as well as ECG characteristics of pulmonary hypertension and the WHO groups based on pathogenesis. [TCN, SR]
  • Ever wondered about the specifics of pre and post-dilution in renal replacement therapy? Deranged Physiology have got you covered. [SO]
  • Todd Fraser interviews Manoj Saxena for the coolest TBI discussion about Temperature Control in Traumatic Brain Injury you’ll ever hear. [BT]

The Best of #FOAMtox Toxicology

  • Nice discussion from the Tox and Hound about Wellbutrin…or maybe should be better known as Illbutrin. Think of this medication like a sustained release bath salt.  [SR]

The Best of #FOAMus Ultrasound

  • Not so Fast!! Should we be doing Focused Assessment with Sonography for Trauma (FAST) exams on all pediatric trauma patients? EMPulse discusses the utility of the FAST exam in our smallest patients. [LP]

The Best of #FOAMpeds Pediatrics

  • The ICN has some lovely new podcasts on paediatric cardiac intensive care- have a look at part 1 and part 2. [SO]
  • The United Kingdom has seen a recent spike in cases of scarlet fever, and Tessa Davis at Don’t Forget the Bubbles has an outstanding review of the symptoms, rash, and treatment of this common clinical challenge. It’s a must-read for anyone who takes care of kids, British or otherwise! [RP]
  • Failure to Thrive has a vast differential and list of possible causes. Sean Fox covers the basics of growth failure at Pediatric EM Morsels. [RP]

The Best of #FOAMim Internal Medicine

The Best of #MedEdFOAM and #FOAMsim

  • Like social media and want to share your awesome clips? Ben Smith from Ultrasound of the Week has created Sono/Gif to de-identify, crop & convert your clips to a Gif. Another fantastic free resource that sits alongside his other great tools –sonoclipshare & clip deidentifier. [LP]

Reference Sources and Reading List

Brought to you by:

LITFL Review 328 Marjorie Lazoff, MD

Article source here:Life in the Fast Lane